Bengal gram, closely related to the chickpea family, is a yellow lentil, rounded on one side and flat on the other. Bengal gram is one of the earliest cultivated legumes. In Indian cuisine, it is popularly known as Chana Dal. Bengal gram seeds are small and dark and have a rough coat. When this specific chickpea is hulled and split, the resulting yellow split lentil is called chana dal.
Since bengal gram is a protein-rich supplement, it is considered a popular alternative for animal or meat protein. Regular consumption of bengal gram helps in reducing protein malnutrition. It also helps in lowering the cholesterol level in the bloodstream. Chana dal is good for diabetic patients as it has a low glycaemic index.